Bisexual: Is a sexual orientation and identity. Bisexual people have romantic and/or sexual attraction to people of the same and opposite gender. Not necessarily at the same time and not necessarily an equal amount of attraction for gender.
Discrimination: The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people on the grounds of race, age,sex,sexual orientation, gender (including gender identity, expression and presentation).
Gender: Social constructed characteristics assigned that may vary according to the times and the society or group one belongs to, which are learned or assigned to women and men. It is a broader concept than the biological differences between men and women, and includes mescaline, feminine, and androgynous traits.
Gender affirming treatment: Can include counselling and psychosocial support, hormone replacement treatment, gender affirming surgery (also known as sex reassignment surgery) to bring one’s physical characteristics in line with one’s gender identity.
Gender expression: External manifestations of gender, expressed through one’s name, pronouns or behavior regarded as feminine and mescaline, although what is considered masculine and feminine changes over time and varies by culture. Usually gender expression is an extension of gender identity.
Gender identity: Refers to a person innate, deeply felt psychological identification as a man, woman, or in between, which may or may not correspond to the person’s body or sex assigned at birth. An internalised representation of gender roles and awareness from infancy which is reinforced during adolescence.
Gender non-conforming: A person who does not conform to the binary male-female categories that society prescribes. Transgender people for example, are gender non-conforming, but others who are not transgender might be as well.
Homophobia: Irrational fear of homosexual feelings, thoughts, behaviours, or people and an undervaluing of homosexual identifies, resulting in prejudice, discrimination and bias against homosexual individuals.
Homosexual: A person attracted to people of the same gender, romantically and/or sexually ,where the gender of the attracted person is the key to the attraction.
Intersex: being born with atypical sex characteristics (chromosomes, genitals and/or reproductive organs).Many variations exist; intersex is not one single category, but includes many different ways someone might defy the medical definitions of “male” and “female”.
Lesbian: A sexual identity and orientation; a woman attracted to other woman, romantically and/or sexually.
Queer: An umbrella term for individuals with non-normative sexual orientation, gender identity and/or expression.
Sex: Biological status based on primary and secondary sex characteristics, includes male,female, and intersex.
Sexual orientation: Pattern of romantic and/ or sexual attraction to a person of the opposite gender ,same gender, or more than one gender.
SOGIE(SC): sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression, sex (body) characteristics
Third gender: Is a gender identity which is neither male nor female. It also describes a social category present in societies that recognise three or more genders.
Transgender: An umbrella term which is often used to describe people who whose gender expression or gender identity differs from their gender assigned at birth. The umbrella term is used to describe a wide range of identities and experiences, including female to male(FTM) persons, male to female(MTF) persons, cross-dressers ,two-spirits, gender-queers, and many more.
Transman: A transgender man or female to male (FTM) is assigned female at birth, but his gender identity is male. Always use male pronouns when referring to a transman.
Transphobia: Irrational fear of transgender feelings, thoughts, behaviours or people and an undervaluing of transgender identities, resulting in prejudice, discrimination and bias against transgender individuals. Where transphobia includes Homophobia, we speak of homophobia and transphobia.
Transsexual: This refers to people who wish to undergo hormone replacement therapy and/or gender affirming surgery to align their bodies to their gender identity.
Trans woman: A transgender woman, or male to female (MFT) is assigned male at birth, but her gender identity is female. Always use female pronouns when referring to a trans woman.
Transition: The period during which a person begins to live as their new gender. It is important to recognise that transitioning has a different meaning for a different person. Each person decides individually on the nature and limits of their individuals transition.